Dental implantation for oral restoration is likely to involve one of two different types of implant devices called endosteal and subperiosteal implants.The vast majority of implants are the endosteal variety that sits directly into the jaw. While these implants do require a more substantial surgical procedure, there are quite a few benefits of the endosteal implants over the subperiosteal ones. Keep reading to learn what they are.
The main difference between endosteal and subperiosteal implants is the fact that endosteal varieties sit within the jaw bone while the subperiosteal types sit on top of it. Since endosteal implants sit in the bone, this allows for the process of osseointegration where the bone attaches to the metal implant in a way that it becomes a part of the jaw. Osseointegration not only allows for optimal implant strength but it also stimulates the bone which encourages remodeling. Remodeling is the process where old bone tissue is dissolved and new cells are formed.
Unlike the endosteal implant, subperiosteal types can actually cause some erosion of the jaw bone. This erosion often leads to substantial bone loss and the inability of the bone to retain the implant long-term. So, your implant may fail or the tooth may loosen over time.
Keep in mind that the endosteal implants can only be placed if you have enough healthy bone material to start with. So, speak with your dentist to see if bone grafting is possible if bone loss is an issue.
If you have been using a flipper or a partial denture to replace one or several of your missing teeth, then you know what it is like to have an artificial tooth that feels unnatural. This can make it difficult to chew, speak, or to retain your self-esteem when it comes to the appearance of your mouth.
And, while you will be unable to regain feeling with a replacement tooth, an endosteal implant will feel as close to your natural tooth as possible. This has to do with the root placement and how the pressure feels across the bone. Specifically, since the implant is inserted into the jaw, biting and chewing will feel similar.
The natural feel is not something you will notice with subperiosteal implants. And, you may actually feel discomfort if the metal portions of the device place too much pressure on the gum tissues.
If you want to know more about dental implants and your options when it comes to root devices, speak with an oral care professional.Share
29 May 2019
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